Medical Imaging

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X-rays are a type of electromagnetic wave radiation. Images of the inside of your body are created using X-ray imaging. The images depict various parts of your body in various shades of black and white. This is due to the fact that different tissues absorb different amounts of radiation. Because calcium in the bones absorbs the most x-rays, bones appear white. Fat and other soft tissues absorb less and appear gray as a result. Because air absorbs the least, the lungs appear black.

The most common application of x-rays is to check for fractures (broken bones), but they are also used for other purposes. Chest x-rays, for example, can detect pneumonia. Mammograms employ x-rays to detect breast cancer.


An ultrasound is a type of imaging test that uses sound waves to create a picture of organs, tissues, and other structures inside the body (also known as a sonogram). Ultrasounds, unlike x-rays, do not use radiation. An ultrasound can also show moving parts of the body, such as a beating heart or blood flowing through blood vessels.

Ultrasounds are classified into two types: pregnancy ultrasounds and diagnostic ultrasounds.

A Pregnancy Ultrasound is used to examine an unborn child The test can tell you about your baby’s growth, development, and overall health.

Diagnostic Ultrasound is used to see and provide information about other internal body parts. The heart, blood vessels, liver, bladder, kidneys, and female reproductive organs are among them.

CT Scan

Computed tomography, also known as a CT or CAT scan, is a type of diagnostic medical imaging test. It produces multiple images or pictures of the inside of the body, similar to traditional x-rays.

Images from a CT scan can be reformatted in multiple planes. It is even capable of producing three-dimensional images. CT scans of internal organs, bones, soft tissue, and blood vessels provide more detail than standard x-rays.

Our specialized radiologists at SAJAYA can more easily diagnose problems such as cancer, cardiovascular disease, infectious disease, appendicitis, trauma, and musculoskeletal disorders by using specialized equipment and expertise to create and interpret CT scans of the body.


Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of the body creates detailed images of the inside of your body by using a powerful magnetic field, radio waves, and a computer. It can be used to aid in the diagnosis or monitoring of a variety of conditions affecting the chest, abdomen, and pelvis.

MR imaging of the body is performed to evaluate:

  • Organs of the chest and abdomen, including the heart, liver, biliary tract, kidneys, spleen, bowel, pancreas, and adrenal glands.
    Pelvico-pelvic organs including the bladder and the reproductive organs such as the uterus and ovaries in females and the prostate gland in males.
  • Blood vessels.
  • Lymph nodes.

Our physicians at SAJAYA use MR examination to help diagnose or monitor treatment for conditions such as:

  • Tumors of the chest, abdomen, or pelvis.
  • Diseases of the liver, such as cirrhosis, and abnormalities of the bile ducts and pancreas.
  • Inflammatory bowel disease such as Crohn’s disease and ulcerative colitis.
  • Heart problems, such as congenital heart disease.
  • Malformations of the blood vessels and inflammation of the vessels.
  • A fetus in the womb of a pregnant woman.


Angiography is a type of X-ray that is used to examine blood vessels. Because blood vessels do not show up clearly on a standard X-ray, a special dye must be injected into your blood first. This draws attention to your blood vessels, allowing your doctor to detect any problems. It can aid in the diagnosis or investigation of a variety of blood vessel problems, including:

  • Atherosclerosis: narrowing of the arteries, which could mean you’re at risk of having a stroke or heart attack
  • Peripheral arterial disease: reduced blood supply to the leg muscles
  • A brain aneurysm: a bulge in a blood vessel in your brain
  • Angina: chest pain caused by reduced blood flow to the heart muscles
  • Blood clots / pulmonary embolism: a blockage in the artery supplying your lungs a blockage in the blood supply to your kidneys


Bone density scanning, also known as dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry or bone densitometry (BMD), is a type of X-ray technology used to assess bone strength and loss.

The BMD machine uses low-dose X-rays with two distinct energy peaks that pass through the bones under examination. One peak is absorbed primarily by soft tissue, while the other is absorbed primarily by bone. The amount of soft tissue is subtracted from the total, leaving only the bone mineral density.

Typically, a BMD scan is performed on the lower spine and hips. A special computer is used to measure the density of the bone in these areas and determine whether or not osteoporosis exists.


A mammogram is a type of imaging test used to detect breast cancer. The American Cancer Society, American Medical Association, American College of Radiology, and Susan G. Komen Foundation all recommend annual screening mammograms for women starting at the age of 40.

A screening mammogram is an annual exam performed on women who are currently symptom-free to detect breast cancer early, when it is easiest to treat.

Breast tomosynthesis screening, which is more effective than traditional mammography at detecting invasive cancers and eliminating false positives, is used by SAJAYA.